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The Cultural Heritage of Indian Art

It is interesting and surprising to point out that the cultural heritage of India is deeply indebted her diverse population. For instance, this nation’s linguistic diversity, ritualistic beliefs, religious beliefs, customary practices are amazing. Similarly, one can see that food culture and dressing pattern are closely related to a nation’s cultural heritage, and the same is applicable to Indian cultural heritage. 

The arms of the cultural heritage of this nation extend to Indus Valley, Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro Civilizations. Within this scenario, it is worthy to point out that Indian Art originated from the amalgamation of the cultural heritage of different groups of people from varied cultural backgrounds. 

At the same time, the scope of Art cannot be limited within any sphere because it acts as a protective covering to different forms of art like painting, music, vocal music, sculpturing, handicraft etc. Even the modern forms of art prevailing in India do have relationship with it unique cultural heritage.

In India, one can see changes in religious belief, dance forms, food culture, architecture etc. Because of all these facts, it is evident that India has its own unique culture and the same deeply influences the context of art. Arts of India can be classified into two, which include performing art and visual art.

Performing arts:

Performing arts of India includes dances, music, puppetry and theatre. From the beginning itself, performing arts is one among the integral parts of the great culture. The dances of Indian origin can be divided into two, classical and regional. The classical dances include Bharatanatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, etc.  For instance, Bharatanatyam originated from Tamil cultural context. Music’s of India are in two types which include Hindustani and Carnatic. Hindustani music is based on raga system, for instance, the same is vocal centric. There are mainy styles of singing and composition like Dhrupad, Khayal, Tappa, Tarana, etc. Carnatic music is generally associated with the southern part of Indian sub continent.  

Visual arts:

Visual arts generally include different forms and genres of painting, sculpturing, and unique aspects of architecture. The large number of paintings discovered from different places in India can be dated back to Mesolithic period. The paintings during this period are comparatively small and themes mainly belong to hunting. During the development of Indian visual art, the south Indian painter named as Raja Ravi Varma emerged as a great painter from medieval India. There are various types of painting including Madhubani painting, Mysore painting, Tanjore painting, Mughal painting etc. 

The architecture of India can date back to the great civilization, the Harappan civilization. Because there is a well planned cities and houses are there at that time. During the period of Maurya and Gupta empires, several architectural complexes emerged including Ajanta and Ellora. Construction of stupas and viharas are the part of Buddhist tradition. Temples like Somanathapura and Brihadeeshwara are the examples of great temple architecture. 

On the other side, Islamic influence created some memorable architecture in the form of Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Qutub Minar etc. Stones and bronze figures were discovered from the Indus valley civilization. The best example for bronze figure is the dancing girl. In short, it is evident that the influence of cultural heritage upon Indian Art is immense and vivid. 

Author Bio:

I am a freelance essay writer at custom essay writing service and I normally write essays to the students for reducing the complexity in academic assignments .Writing is a passion for me and it helps me to get away from all the stress that I face in my everyday life.

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