Impact of IoT in Traffic Management

IoT applications are the behemoths of the information age that have revamped the machine to machine (M2M) communication sphere.They offermultiple utilities that curtail the human work, yet empowering them with greater efficiency and proficiency. Many enterprises have harnessed IoT applications to ensure productivework environment for machinery aimed to surgeoperational efficiency, conserve energy, reducecosts, and minimize downtime.

The Internet of things (IoT)shares the prime aim of work automation while working alongside other technologies including artificial intelligence solutions and machine learning solutions. Hence, it can nourish the idea of a Smart City while maintaining sustainability and causing minimal impairment to the environment. It helps in the development of smart infrastructure and urban services to increase the efficiency of city management. 

Traffic management is one such domainwhich has been greatly rewarded with innovative IoT applications. Since it is one of the biggest hurdles faced by developing countries, many of them use it alongside big data to minimize traffic issues. Some ways IoT has impacted traffic management systems include:

1. Traffic Light Systems

Authorities strategically mount sensors to collect data related to high traffic junctions and areas, diverting vehicles from the respective places. These enable traffic light systems to utilize the accumulated information with real-time data for smoothing the traffic loads. The sensors mounted on traffic lights can also predict the weather conditions and work accordingly. Some traffic signals are mounted with light sensors that rally the signals and take control of the functioning.   

2. Parking Issue 

While talking about traffic management, one of the most discussed problems remains to be parking issues, which is directly proportional to the increased number of vehicles on road. Growing population and improved economic conditions have resulted in surge of on-road running vehicles and leveraged the need of efficient spacemanagement. Thus, authorities can opt for IoTapplications to cope up with the rising parking issues. IoT-based sensors placed in parking lots can provide real-time information about empty parking spaces.

3. Commute and Congestion Management

Strategically implemented big data services and IoT can be used for fixing commute problems in urban cities.IoT-enabled sensors can determine and work to fix long commutes by gathering information about its respective length, cause, beginning, and ending locations. By studying this data, city planners can recognize practical driving route alternatives and encourage the drivers to use them. With data analytics, city planners can also identify the reasons of congestion and strategize accordingly.  

4. Smart Assistance

Road accidents are one of the major causes of worldwide deaths. However, lack of untimely help and assistance adds more to the death figures. Thus, to ensure safety and timely assistance, city planners can install IoT-based CCTVs and sensors to locate the accident spot and communicate with the nearest emergency rooms.

According to the top IoT service providers, the innovative technology makes traffic management easy while enhancinga city’s livability factor and efficiency status. By improving the traffic flow, it not only reduces traffic congestion but also results in achieving fuel efficiency.

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